Leishmaniasis:  5 point summary of highlights, further details in leishmaniasis module of Tropical Medicine teaching series

  • parasitic infection transmitted by the bite of a sandfly
  • distinct skin, mucocutaneous & visceral forms of infection are known
  • leishmaniasis is present in one or more of its forms in the Indian Subcontinent, the Middle East & Mediterranean rim, Central and South America
  • some cutaneous lesions can be treated conservatively
  • laboratory confirmation of diagnosis requires specialist pathology services

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